The past perfect progressive puts emphasis on the course or duration of an action taking place before a certain time in the past. Form A: He had been talking. N: He had not been talking. Q: Had he been talking? Use action taking place before a certain time in the past sometimes interchangeable with past […]
The past perfect simple expresses an action taking place before a certain time in the past. Form of Past Perfect Simple Positive Negative Question no differences I had spoken. I had not spoken. Had I spoken? For irregular verbs, use the past participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just […]
Present Perfect Continuous The present perfect progressive expresses an action that recently stopped or is still going on. It puts emphasis on the duration or course of the action. Form of Present Perfect Progressive Positive Negative Question I / you / we / they I have been speaking. I have not been speaking. Have I […]
The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result. Form of Present Perfect Positive Negative Question I / you / we / they I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken? he / she / it He has spoken. He has not spoken. […]
The simple past expresses an action in the past taking place once, never, several times. It can also be used for actions taking place one after another or in the middle of another action. Form of Simple Past Positive Negative Question no differences I spoke. I did not speak. Did I speak? For irregular verbs, […]
The present progressive puts emphasis on the course or duration of an action. The present progressive is used for actions going on in the moment of speaking and for actions taking place only for a short period of time. It is also used to express development and actions that are arranged for the near future. […]
Simple present is also called present simple. The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present. […]
Explanation Past Present Future Simple Past Simple Present Future I Simple action that takes place once, never or several times He played football every Tuesday. He plays football every Tuesday. He will / is going to play football every Tuesday. actions that happen one after another He played football and then he went home. He […]
By Christopher Cruise
20 May, 2012
CHRISTOPHER CRUISE: Welcome to THIS IS AMERICA in VOA Special English. I’m Christopher Cruise.
JUNE SIMMS: And I’m June Simms. This week, we tell you about pawn shops and the people who own them – pawnbrokers. We also tell about former boxing champion Mike Tyson and his recent one-man show.